The complex of the translocase mitochondrial outer membrane (TOM), mediates recognition, unfolding, and translocation of preproteins. We have used a combination of biochemical and electrophysiological methods to study the properties of the preprotein-conducting pore of the purified TOM complex. The pore is cation-selective and voltage-gated. It shows three main conductance levels with characteristic slow and fast kinetics transitions to states of lower conductance following application of transmembrane voltages. These electrical properties distinguish it from the mitochondrial voltage-dependent anion channel (porin) and are identical to those of the previously described peptide-sensitive channel. Binding of antibodies to the C terminus of Tom40 on the intermembrane space side of the outer membrane modifies the channel properties and allows determination of the orientation of the channel within the lipid bilayer. Mitochondrial presequence peptides specifically interact with the pore and decrease the ion flow through the channel in a voltage-dependent manner. We propose that the presequence-induced closures of the pore are related to structural alterations of the TOM complex observed during the various stages of preprotein movement across the mitochondrial outer membrane.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|