To identify a signal involved in transporting a ribosomal protein to the nucleus, we constructed hybrid genes encoding amino-terminal segments of yeast ribosomal protein L3 joined to the amino-terminal end of the entire Escherichia coli beta-galactosidase molecule. The subcellular locations of the corresponding hybrid proteins in yeast were determined by in situ immunofluorescence. The first 21 amino acids of L3 were sufficient to localize beta-galactosidase to the nucleus. This region shows limited homology to portions of other nuclear proteins identified as essential for their transport. Larger fusion proteins were also localized to the nucleus. However, a hybrid protein containing all but the 14 carboxyl-terminal amino acids from L3 initially failed to localize; this defect was corrected by inserting a glycine- and proline-containing bridge between the L3 and beta-galactosidase moieties. The renovated protein was able to associate with ribosomes, suggesting that, in addition to entering the nucleus, this hybrid polypeptide was assembled into 60S ribosomal subunits that were subsequently exported to the cytoplasm.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|