Reference: Dolence JM, et al. (1997) Yeast protein farnesyltransferase. Site-directed mutagenesis of conserved residues in the beta-subunit. Biochemistry 36(30):9246-52

Reference Help

Abstract


Protein prenyltransferases catalyze the posttranslational modification of cysteines by isoprenoid hydrocarbon chains. A protein farnesyltransferase (PFTase) and a protein geranylgeranyltransferase (PGGTase-I) alkylate cysteines in a CaaX C-terminal tetrapeptide sequence, where a is usually an aliphatic amino acid and X is an amino acid that specifies whether a C15 farnesyl or C20 geranylgeranyl moiety is added. A third enzyme, PGGTase-II, adds geranylgeranyl groups to both cysteines at the C-terminus of Rab proteins. All three enzymes are Zn2+ metalloproteins and also require Mg2+ for activity. The protein prenyltransferases are heterodimers. PFTase and PGGTase I contain identical alpha-subunits and distinctive beta-subunits, which are responsible for the differences in substrate selectivity seen for the two enzymes. The subunits in PGGTase-II are similar, but not identical, to their counterparts in the other two enzymes. An alignment of amino acid sequences for the beta-subunits of all three enzymes shows five regions of high similarity. Thirteen of the conserved polar and charged residues in yeast PFTase were selected for substitution by site-directed mutagenesis. Kinetic studies revealed a subset of five enzymes, R211Q, D307A, C309A, Y310F, and H363A, with substantially reduced catalytic constants (kcat). Metal analyses of wild-type enzyme and the five least reactive mutants showed that the substitutions had compromised Zn2+ binding in the D307A, C309A, and H363A enzymes.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Dolence JM, Rozema DB, Poulter CD
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference