The nucleolus, the site of pre-ribosomal RNA (pre-rRNA) synthesis and processing in eukaryotic cells, contains a number of small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs). Yeast U3 snoRNA is required for the processing of 18S rRNA from larger precursors and contains a region complementary to the pre-rRNA. Substitution mutations in the pre-rRNA which disrupt this base pairing potential are lethal and prevent synthesis of 18S rRNA. These mutant pre-rRNAs show defects in processing which closely resemble the effects of genetic depletion of components of the U3 snoRNP. Co-expression of U3 snoRNAs which carry compensatory mutations allows the mutant pre-rRNAs to support viability and synthesize 18S rRNA at high levels. Pre-rRNA processing steps which are blocked by the external transcribed spacer region mutations are largely restored by expression of the compensatory U3 mutants. Pre-rRNA processing therefore requires direct base pairing between snoRNA and the substrate. Base pairing with the substrate is thus a common feature of small RNAs involved in mRNA and rRNA maturation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|