Transcription of many yeast genes requires the SWI/SNF regulatory complex. Prior studies show that reduced transcription of the HO gene in swi and snf mutants is partially relieved by mutations in the SIN1 and SIN2 genes. Here we show that SIN2 is identical to HHT1, one of the two genes coding for histone H3, and that mutations in either can result in a Sin- phenotype. These mutations are partially dominant to wild type and cause amino acid substitutions in three conserved positions in the structured domain of histone H3. We have also identified partially dominant sin mutations that affect two conserved positions in the histone-fold domain of histone H4. Three sin mutations affect surface residues proposed to interact with DNA and may reduce affinity of DNA for the histone octamer. Two sin mutations affect residues at or near interfaces between (H2A-H2B) dimer and (H3-H4)2 tetramer subunits of the histone octamer and may affect nucleosome stability or conformation. The ability of mutations affecting the structure of the histone octamer to relieve the need for SWI and SNF products supports the proposal that the SWI/SNF complex stimulates transcription by altering chromatin structure and can account for the apparent conservation of SWI and SNF proteins in eukaryotes other than yeast.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|