Hap1 is a yeast transcriptional activator which controls expression of genes such as CYC1 and CYC7. Our results show that Hap1 activity is dependent on a functional chromatin remodeling complex SWI/SNF. Using a modified two-hybrid screen with Hap1 as bait, we recovered expression vectors encoding the Gal4 activation domain fused to histone H3 [Gal4(AD)-H3]. Hap1 activity at CYC1 or CYC7 was increased by Gal4(AD)-H3 and the effect was dependent on the presence of the activation domain of Hap1 and a functional SWI complex. Importantly, overexpression of H3 alone had no effect on Hap1 activity. Analysis of Gal4(AD)-H3 revealed that the fusion is not incorporated into the nucleosome while a functional Gal4 activation domain is dispensable. Activity of many other transcriptional activators was unchanged or slightly affected in the presence of Gal4(AD)-H3. Thus, our results identify a new class of histone H3 variants that cause highly specific alteration of gene expression. Hap1 may interact directly with H3 favoring chromatin remodeling by the SWI/SNF complex.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|