TRNA-Phe species from baker's yeast modified at the 3'-terminus in many cases are phenylalanylatable substrates. Out of several tRNA-Phe species possessing a modified 3'-end that cannot be phenylalanylated, only two, tRNA-Phe-C-C-2'dA and the tRNA-Phe-C-C-formycin-oxi-red, are strong competitive inhibitors for tRNA-Phe-C-C-A during phenylalanylation. In the ATP/PPi exchange, both these inhibitors reduce Vmax to about 25%; but whereas tRNA-Phe-C-C-2dA has no influence on KmATP and Km Phe during ATP/PPi exchange, tRNA-Phe-C-C-formycin-oxi-red reduces KmATP from 1430 muM, found in the absence of tRNA-Phe, to 230 muM, and Km-Phe, from 38 to 14 muM. The values found in the presence of tRNA-Phe-C-C-formycin-oxi-red during ATP/PPi exchange are identical with those determined in the phenylalanylation of tRNA-Phe-C-C-A. All other tRNA-Phe species carrying a modified 3'end that cannot be phenylalanylated exhibit a mixed competitive-noncompetitive inhibition in the phenylalanylation reaction. In the ATP/PPi exchange, they do not influence KmATP and KmPHE and only weakly, if at all, Vmax. The results show that the 3'adenosine of tRNA-Phe cannot solely be a passive acceptor for phenylalanine, but must in addition play an active role during enzyme-substrate interaction. The data can be consistently explained by the hypothesis that the 3'-adenosine of tRNA-Phe triggers a conformational change of the enzyme.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|