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Reference: Fasiolo F, et al. (1981) Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase of baker's yeast. Modulation of adenosine triphosphate-pyrophosphate exchange by transfer ribonucleic acid. Biochemistry 20(13):3851-6

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Abstract


Native and modified phenylalanine transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNAPhe) can modulate phenylalanine-dependent adenosine triphosphate--inorganic [32P]pyrophosphate (ATP--[32P]PPi) exchange activity via inhibition of adenylate synthesis. Inhibition is visualized if concentrations of L-phenylalanine, ATP, and pyrophosphate are subsaturating. In the proposed mechanism, tRNAPhe is a noncompetitive inhibitor at conditions where only one of the two active sites per molecule of enzyme is occupied by L-phenylalanine, ATP, and pyrophosphate. At saturating concentrations of these reactants, both active sites are occupied and, according to the model, inhibition is eliminated. Occupation by these reactants is assumed to follow homotropic negative cooperativity. The type of effects depends on modification of tRNAPhe. Native tRNAPhe, tRNA2'-dAPhe, and tRNAoxi-redPhe are inhibitors, tRNAPhepCpC has no effect, and tRNAoxPhe is an activator. Kinetics of activation by tRNAoxPhe are slow, following the time course of Schiff base formation and subsequent reduction by added cyanoborohydride. Besides showing that a putative enzyme amino group is nonessential for substrate binding and adenylate synthesis, this result may suggest that an enzyme amino group could interact with the 3'-terminal adenyl group of cognate tRNA. In the case of asymmetrical occupation of the enzyme active sites by all of the small reactants ATP, L-phenylalanine, and pyrophosphate, the interaction with the amino group might trigger the observed noncompetitive inhibition of the pyrophosphate exchange by tRNAPhe.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Fasiolo F, Remy P, Holler E
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