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Reference: Schmidt PG, et al. (1987) Internal motions in yeast phenylalanine transfer RNA from 13C NMR relaxation rates of modified base methyl groups: a model-free approach. Biochemistry 26(26):8529-34

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Abstract


Internal motions at specific locations through yeast phenylalanine tRNA were measured by using nucleic acid biosynthetically enriched in 13C at modified base methyl groups. Carbon NMR spectra of isotopically enriched tRNA(Phe) reveal 12 individual peaks for 13 of the 14 methyl groups known to be present. The two methyls of N2,N2-dimethylguanosine (m22G-26) have indistinguishable resonances, whereas the fourteenth methyl bound to ring carbon-11 of the hypermodified nucleoside 3' adjacent to the anticodon, wyosine (Y-37), does not come from the [methyl-13C]methionine substrate. Assignments to individual nucleosides within the tRNA were made on the basis of chemical shifts of the mononucleosides [Agris, P. F., Kovacs, S. A. H., Smith, C., Kopper, R. A., & Schmidt, P. G. (1983) Biochemistry 22, 1402-1408; Smith, C., Schmidt, P. G., Petsch, J., & Agris, P. F. (1985) Biochemistry 24, 1434-1440] and correlation of 13C resonances with proton NMR chemical shifts via two-dimensional heteronuclear proton-carbon correlation spectroscopy [Agris, P. F., Sierzputowska-Gracz, H., & Smith, C. (1986) Biochemistry 25, 5126-5131]. Values of 13C longitudinal relaxation (T1) and the nuclear Overhauser enhancements (NOE) were determined at 22.5, 75.5, and 118 MHz for tRNA(Phe) in a physiological buffer solution with 10 mM MgCl2, at 22 degrees C. These data were used to extract two physical parameters that define the system with regard to fast internal motion: the generalized order parameters (S2) and effective correlation times (tau e) for internal motion of the C-H internuclear vectors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS.

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Journal Article
Authors
Schmidt PG, Sierzputowska-Gracz H, Agris PF
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