Reference: Favre B, et al. (1999) Multiple amino acid substitutions in lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase contribute to azole resistance in Candida albicans. Microbiology 145 ( Pt 10):2715-25

Reference Help

Abstract


Lanosterol 14alpha-demethylase (14DM) is the target of the azole antifungals, and alteration of the 14DM sequence leading to a decreased affinity of the enzyme for azoles is one of several potential mechanisms for resistance to these drugs in Candida albicans. In order to identify such alterations the authors investigated a collection of 19 C. albicans clinical isolates demonstrating either frank resistance (MICs > or = 32 microg ml(-1)) or dose-dependent resistance (MICs 8-16 microg ml(-1)) to fluconazole. In cell-free extracts from four isolates, including the Darlington strain ATCC 64124, sensitivity of sterol biosynthesis to inhibition by fluconazole was greatly reduced, suggesting that alterations in the activity or affinity of the 14DM could contribute to resistance. Cloning and sequencing of the 14DM gene from these isolates revealed 12 different alterations (two to four per isolate) leading to changes in the deduced amino acid sequence. Five of these mutations have not previously been reported. To demonstrate that these alterations could affect fungal susceptibility to azoles, the 14DM genes from one sensitive and three resistant C. albicans strains were tagged at the carboxyl terminus with a c-myc epitope and expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae under control of the endogenous promoter. Transformants receiving 14DM genes from resistant strains had fluconazole MICs up to 32-fold higher than those of transformants receiving 14DM from a sensitive strain, although Western blot analysis indicated that the level of expressed 14DM was similar in all transformants. Amino acid substitutions in the 14DM gene from the Darlington strain also conferred a strong cross-resistance to ketoconazole. In conclusion, multiple genetic alterations in C. albicans 14DM, including several not previously reported, can affect the affinity of the enzyme for azoles and contribute to resistance of clinical isolates.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Favre B, Didmon M, Ryder NS
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference