Incubation of methoxypsoralen (5-MOP) in the presence of diploid yeast cells (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) before UV-A exposure leads to an incubation-time dependent decrease of photoinduced genotoxic effects. The reduction in photoinduced genotoxicity is stronger in cells grown in the presence of 20% glucose and containing high levels of cytochrome P-450 than in cells grown in the presence of 0.5% glucose and containing undetectable levels of cytochrome P-450. Inhibition of P-450 activity by specific inhibitors, such as tetrahydrofuran and metyrapone, strongly affects the observed decrease in 5-MOP genotoxicity, indicating the involvement of P-450 in 5-MOP metabolism. As demonstrated by spectrophotometric and chromatographic (HPLC) analysis during incubation of 5-MOP with P-450 containing yeast cells, 5-MOP gradually disappears from the cell supernatant of the incubation mixture. The reduction in the chromatographic peak corresponding to 5-MOP is accompanied by the appearance of a new peak that probably corresponds to a metabolite. As shown by the use of P-450 specific inhibitors, the metabolite appears to be due to P-450 mediated 5-MOP metabolisation. Its UV absorption spectrum suggests an alteration of the pyrone moiety of the 5-MOP molecule.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|