Reference: Funfschilling U and Rospert S (1999) Nascent polypeptide-associated complex stimulates protein import into yeast mitochondria. Mol Biol Cell 10(10):3289-99

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Abstract


To identify yeast cytosolic proteins that mediate targeting of precursor proteins to mitochondria, we developed an in vitro import system consisting of purified yeast mitochondria and a radiolabeled mitochondrial precursor protein whose C terminus was still attached to the ribosome. In this system, the N terminus of the nascent chain was translocated across both mitochondrial membranes, generating a translocation intermediate spanning both membranes. The nascent chain could then be completely chased into the mitochondrial matrix after release from the ribosome. Generation of this import intermediate was dependent on a mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial surface proteins, and was stimulated by proteins that could be released from the ribosomes by high salt. The major salt-released stimulatory factor was yeast nascent polypeptide-associated complex (NAC). Purified NAC fully restored import of salt-washed ribosome-bound nascent chains by enhancing productive binding of the chains to mitochondria. We propose that ribosome-associated NAC facilitates recognition of nascent precursor chains by the mitochondrial import machinery.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Funfschilling U, Rospert S
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