Addition of glucose to cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae growing on a non-fermentable carbon source leads to selective and rapid degradation of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. This so called catabolite inactivation of the enzyme is brought about by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. To identify additional components of the catabolite inactivation machinery, we isolated three mutant strains, gid1, gid2, and gid3, defective in glucose-induced degradation of fructose-1,6-bisphospha-tase. All mutant strains show in addition a defect in catabolite inactivation of three other gluconeogenic enzymes: cytosolic malate dehydrogenase, isocitrate lyase, and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase. These findings indicate a common mechanism for the inactivation of all four enzymes. The mutants were also impaired in degradation of short-lived N-end rule substrates, which are degraded via the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Site-directed mutagenesis of the amino-terminal proline residue yielded fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase forms that were no longer degraded via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. All amino termini other than proline made fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase inaccessible to degradation. However, the exchange of the amino-terminal proline had no effect on the phosphorylation of the mutated enzyme. Our findings suggest an essential function of the amino-terminal proline residue for the degradation process of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. Phosphorylation of the enzyme was not necessary for degradation to occur.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|