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Reference: Hammerle M, et al. (1998) Proteins of newly isolated mutants and the amino-terminal proline are essential for ubiquitin-proteasome-catalyzed catabolite degradation of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 273(39):25000-5

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Abstract


Addition of glucose to cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae growing on a non-fermentable carbon source leads to selective and rapid degradation of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. This so called catabolite inactivation of the enzyme is brought about by the ubiquitin-proteasome system. To identify additional components of the catabolite inactivation machinery, we isolated three mutant strains, gid1, gid2, and gid3, defective in glucose-induced degradation of fructose-1,6-bisphospha-tase. All mutant strains show in addition a defect in catabolite inactivation of three other gluconeogenic enzymes: cytosolic malate dehydrogenase, isocitrate lyase, and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase. These findings indicate a common mechanism for the inactivation of all four enzymes. The mutants were also impaired in degradation of short-lived N-end rule substrates, which are degraded via the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Site-directed mutagenesis of the amino-terminal proline residue yielded fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase forms that were no longer degraded via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. All amino termini other than proline made fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase inaccessible to degradation. However, the exchange of the amino-terminal proline had no effect on the phosphorylation of the mutated enzyme. Our findings suggest an essential function of the amino-terminal proline residue for the degradation process of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. Phosphorylation of the enzyme was not necessary for degradation to occur.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Hammerle M, Bauer J, Rose M, Szallies A, Thumm M, Dusterhus S, Mecke D, Entian KD, Wolf DH
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