Reference: McKee EE and Poyton RO (1984) Mitochondrial gene expression in saccharomyces cerevisiae. I. Optimal conditions for protein synthesis in isolated mitochondria. J Biol Chem 259(14):9320-31

Reference Help

Abstract


An in vitro mitochondrial protein-synthesizing system, which makes use of intact yeast mitochondria, has been developed in order to study mitochondrial gene expression and its control by nuclear-coded proteins. Studies with this system have revealed that: isolated mitochondria synthesize polypeptide gene products which can be radiolabeled to high specific radioactivities when incubated in a "protein-synthesizing medium" that has been optimized with respect to each of its components; two energy-generating systems, endogenous oxidative phosphorylation and an exogenous ATP-regenerating system, support the highest level of protein synthesis; and the omission of an oxidizable substrate results in the synthesis of two new polypeptides (19.5 and 18 kDa) and a decrease in the amounts of cytochrome c oxidase subunits I and II which are synthesized. They have also revealed that added adenine and guanine nucleotides increase the overall level of protein synthesis and that the added guanine nucleotides facilitate polypeptide chain elongation. Although isolated mitochondria which have been optimized for protein synthesis synthesize normal gene products (McKee, E. E., McEwen, J. E., and Poyton, R. O., (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 9332-9338) they still respond to an added dialyzed S-100 fraction from yeast cells by increasing their level of protein synthesis. This stimulation is observed in the presence of optimal concentrations of GTP, making it unlikely that guanyl nucleotides or enzymes which synthesize them are the sole stimulatory factors present in cellular cytosolic fractions, as suggested by Ohashi and Schatz (Ohashi, A., and Schatz, G. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 7740-7745).

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
McKee EE, Poyton RO
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference