An in vitro mitochondrial protein-synthesizing system, which makes use of intact yeast mitochondria, has been developed in order to study mitochondrial gene expression and its control by nuclear-coded proteins. Studies with this system have revealed that: isolated mitochondria synthesize polypeptide gene products which can be radiolabeled to high specific radioactivities when incubated in a "protein-synthesizing medium" that has been optimized with respect to each of its components; two energy-generating systems, endogenous oxidative phosphorylation and an exogenous ATP-regenerating system, support the highest level of protein synthesis; and the omission of an oxidizable substrate results in the synthesis of two new polypeptides (19.5 and 18 kDa) and a decrease in the amounts of cytochrome c oxidase subunits I and II which are synthesized. They have also revealed that added adenine and guanine nucleotides increase the overall level of protein synthesis and that the added guanine nucleotides facilitate polypeptide chain elongation. Although isolated mitochondria which have been optimized for protein synthesis synthesize normal gene products (McKee, E. E., McEwen, J. E., and Poyton, R. O., (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 9332-9338) they still respond to an added dialyzed S-100 fraction from yeast cells by increasing their level of protein synthesis. This stimulation is observed in the presence of optimal concentrations of GTP, making it unlikely that guanyl nucleotides or enzymes which synthesize them are the sole stimulatory factors present in cellular cytosolic fractions, as suggested by Ohashi and Schatz (Ohashi, A., and Schatz, G. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 7740-7745).
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|