Reference: Sijmons PC, et al. (1987) Isolation and composition of the constitutive agglutinins from haploid Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. Arch Microbiol 148(3):208-12

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Abstract


Sex-specific agglutinins from the cell surface of haploid cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (X2180, mta and mt alpha) were purified and analysed. The constitutive agglutinin from mta cells was extractable with 3 mM dithiothreitol. It was shown to be a glycoprotein (3% mannose) with an apparent Mr of 43,000 based on gel filtration, but in SDS-PAGE it behaved as a much smaller molecule (Mr between 18,000 and 26,000). About one in three amino acids was a hydroxyamino acid. Its biological activity was resistant to boiling for 1 h, but sensitive to pronase. Intact mt alpha cells retained their agglutinability in the presence of dithiothreitol but limited trypsinizing released a biologically active agglutinin fragment. It had an apparent Mr of 320,000 (gel filtration). When analysed by SDS-PAGE, a single diffuse band with an apparent Mr of 225,000 was observed. The protein was 94% (w/w) mannose with a trace of N-acetyl glucosamine. Its biological activity was almost completely lost after boiling for 1 h. Both agglutinins behaved as monovalent molecules and specifically inhibited the biological activity of both noninduced and pheromone-induced cells. Pheromone treatment of mta cells resulted in an apparent 32-fold increase in agglutinin activity at the cell surface, whereas pheromone treatment of mt alpha cells only doubled the apparent agglutinin activity.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Sijmons PC, Nederbragt AJ, Klis FM, Van Den Ende H
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