The Sec7 domain guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for the GTPase ARF are highly conserved regulators of membrane dynamics. Their precise molecular roles in different trafficking steps within the cell have not been elucidated. We present a functional analysis of two members of this family, Gea1p and Gea2p, in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Gea1p and Gea2p can functionally replace each other, but at least one is necessary for viability. Temperature sensitive gea mutants were generated and found to have defects in ER-Golgi and intra-Golgi transport. Similar to mutants in COPI subunits in yeast, gea mutants had a cargo-selective secretion defect, in that some proteins continued to be secreted whereas others were blocked in the ER or early Golgi. Like yeast arf mutants, the rate of transport of those proteins that continued to be secreted was slowed. In addition, the structure of Golgi elements was severly perturbed in gea mutants. We conclude that Gea1p and Gea2p play an important role in the structure and functioning of the Golgi apparatus in yeast.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|