BACKGROUND: DNA quadruplex-interactive porphyrin TMPyP4, but not its isomer TMPyP2, inhibits telomerase activity and causes chromosome fusion in vivo, suggesting interference with telomere maintenance. METHODS: We examined effects of these porphyrins and hydroxyurea on growth rates of yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae wild type and strains with defects in telomere maintenance and/or DNA repair pathways (mec1, tel1, rad9), telomere binding protein (cdc13), and anaphase control (pds1). RESULTS: Hydroxyurea (20 mM) decreased proliferation rates only in mec1 mutant and deletion strains. TMPyP4 (200 microM) decreased growth in all strains, especially in rad9delta and mec1delta. The growth inhibition by TMPyP4 showed low growth inhibition in strains defective in cdc13 and pds1. TMPyP2 sterically prevented from forming a planar species did not significantly inhibit growth of any strain. Overexpression of telomere binding protein Rap1 hypersensitized the mec1delta and tel1delta to TMPyP4. CONCLUSIONS: Telomere maintenance represents a viable target for anticancer agents.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|