Reduction of mitochondrial cardiolipin (CL) levels has been postulated to compromise directly the function of several essential enzymes and processes of the mitochondria. There is limited genetic evidence for the critical roles with which CL and its precursor phosphatidylglycerol (PG) have been associated. A null allele of the PGS1 gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which encodes the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of the CL precursor PG phosphate, was created in a yeast strain in which PGS1 expression is exogenously regulated by doxycycline. The addition of increasing concentrations of doxycycline to the growth medium causes a proportional decrease to undetectable levels of PGS1 transcript, PG phosphate synthase activity, and PG plus CL. The doubling time of this strain with increasing doxycycline increases to senescence in non-fermentable carbon sources or at high temperatures, conditions that do not support growth of the pgs1Delta strain. Doxycycline addition also causes mitochondrial abnormalities as observed by fluorescence microscopy. Products of four mitochondrial encoded genes (COX1, COX2, COX3, and COB) and one nuclear encoded gene (COX4) associated with the mitochondrial inner membrane are not present when PGS1 expression is fully repressed. No translation of these proteins can be detected in cells lacking the PGS1 gene product, although transcription and splicing appear unaffected. Protein import of other nuclear encoded proteins remains unaffected. The remaining proteins encoded by mitochondrial DNA are expressed and translated normally. Thus, the molecular basis for the lack of mitochondrial function in pgs1Delta cells is the failure to translate gene products essential to the electron transport chain.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|