Reference: Li L and Kaplan J (2001) The yeast gene MSC2, a member of the cation diffusion facilitator family, affects the cellular distribution of zinc. J Biol Chem 276(7):5036-43

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Abstract


The sequence of the yeast gene YDR205W places it within the family of cation diffusion facilitators: membrane proteins that transport transition metals. Deletion of YDR205W was reported to result in an increase in unequal sister chromatid recombination and was named meiotic sister chromatid recombination 2 (MSC2; Thompson, D. A., and Stahl, F. W. (1999) Genetics 153, 621-641). We report here that a msc2 strain shows a phenotype of decreased viability in glycerol-ethanol media at 37 degrees C. Associated with decreased growth is an abnormal morphology typified by an increase in size of both cells and vacuoles. Addition of extracellular Zn2+ completely suppresses the morphological changes and partially suppresses the growth defect. Regardless of the concentration of Zn2+ in the media, the msc2 strain had a higher Zn2+ content than wild type cells. Zinquin staining also revealed that msc2 had a marked increase in fluorescence compared with the wild type, again reflecting an increase in intracellular Zn2+. The deletion strain accumulated excess Zn2+ in nuclei-enriched membrane fractions, and when grown at 37 degrees C in glycerol-ethanol media, it showed a decreased expression of Zn2+-regulated genes. The expression of genes regulated by either Fe2+ or Cu2+ was not affected. An epitope-tagged Msc2p was localized to the endoplasmic reticulum/nucleus. These results suggest that Msc2p affects the cellular distribution of zinc and, in particular, the zinc content of nuclei.

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Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
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Li L, Kaplan J
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