The sequence of the yeast gene YDR205W places it within the family of cation diffusion facilitators: membrane proteins that transport transition metals. Deletion of YDR205W was reported to result in an increase in unequal sister chromatid recombination and was named meiotic sister chromatid recombination 2 (MSC2; Thompson, D. A., and Stahl, F. W. (1999) Genetics 153, 621-641). We report here that a msc2 strain shows a phenotype of decreased viability in glycerol-ethanol media at 37 degrees C. Associated with decreased growth is an abnormal morphology typified by an increase in size of both cells and vacuoles. Addition of extracellular Zn2+ completely suppresses the morphological changes and partially suppresses the growth defect. Regardless of the concentration of Zn2+ in the media, the msc2 strain had a higher Zn2+ content than wild type cells. Zinquin staining also revealed that msc2 had a marked increase in fluorescence compared with the wild type, again reflecting an increase in intracellular Zn2+. The deletion strain accumulated excess Zn2+ in nuclei-enriched membrane fractions, and when grown at 37 degrees C in glycerol-ethanol media, it showed a decreased expression of Zn2+-regulated genes. The expression of genes regulated by either Fe2+ or Cu2+ was not affected. An epitope-tagged Msc2p was localized to the endoplasmic reticulum/nucleus. These results suggest that Msc2p affects the cellular distribution of zinc and, in particular, the zinc content of nuclei.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|