Eukaryotic ribosomes have a large number of proteins but the exact nature of their contribution to the structure and to the function of the particle is not known. Of the 78 proteins in yeast ribosomes, six have zinc finger motifs of the C2-C2 variety. Both genes encoding the essential yeast ribosomal protein YL37a, which has such a zinc finger motif, were disrupteXXPd. The double deletion, which is lethal, can be rescued with a plasmid-encoded copy of a YL37a gene. Mutations were constructed in a plasmid-encoded copy of YL37a; the mutations caused the cysteine residues in the motif (at positions 39, 42, 57 and 60) to be replaced, one at a time, with serine. The cysteine residue at position 39, the first of the four in the motif, is essential for the function of YL37a, since a C39S mutation did not complement the null phenotype. However, plasmids encoding variants with C42S, C57S, or C60S mutations in the zinc finger motif were able to rescue the null mutant. YL37a binds zinc, but none of the mutant proteins, C39S, C42S, C57S, or C60S, was able to bind the metal. Thus, all four cysteine residues are essential for the binding of zinc; only one, C39, is essential for the function of the ribosomal protein.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|