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Reference: Kern D, et al. (1990) The three cysteine residues of cytoplasmic aspartyl-tRNA synthetase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae are not essential for its activity. Eur J Biochem 193(1):97-103

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Abstract

Cytoplasmic aspartyl-tRNA synthetase from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a dimer made up of identical subunits (Mr 63,000) each of these containing three cysteines (residues 255, 512 and 519 in the amino acid sequence). Thiol-specific probes were used to label these cysteines and study the resulting effect of the modification on the kinetic parameters of both the ATP/PPi exchange and tRNA aminoacylation reactions. Using the classical techniques of protein chemistry it was shown that none of the three cysteines was labelled with iodoacetic acid, whilst N-ethylmaleimide and 5,5'-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoate) reacted with Cys512 and Cys255, respectively. Only the latter modification was accompanied by a decrease in the rates of both enzyme activities whilst the Km values for the various substrates remained unaffected. Site-directed mutagenesis was also used to replace each of the three cysteines by other residues, either individually or simultaneously. For these experiments the enzyme was expressed in Escherichia coli using an expression vector bearing the structural gene in which the first 13 codons were replaced by the first 14 of the CII lambda gene. The resulting substitution in the amino-terminal part of the expressed enzyme had no effect on the kinetic parameters, compared to those of the enzyme purified from S. cerevisiae. Taking into account the consequences of such substitutions, as well as those of chemical modifications on the two reactions catalysed by the enzyme. ATP/PPi exchange and tRNA aminoacylation, it could be concluded that none of these three cysteines plays any essential role in either substrate binding or catalysis.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Kern D, Mejdoub H, Vincendon P, Boulanger Y, Reinbolt J
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