The respective contributions of electrostatic interaction and specific sequence recognition in the binding of microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) to microtubules have been studied, using as models yeast valyl- and lysyl-tRNA synthetases (VRS, KRS) that carry an exposed basic N-terminal domain, and a synthetic peptide reproducing the sequence 218-235 on tau protein, known to be part of the microtubule-binding site of MAPs. VRS and KRS bind to microtubules with a KD in the 10(-6) M range, and tau 218-235 binds with a KD in the 10(-4) M range. Binding of KRS and tau 218-235 is accompanied by stabilization and bundling of microtubules, without the intervention of an extraneous bundling protein. tau 218-235 binds to microtubules with a stoichiometry of 2 mol/mol of assembled tubulin dimer in agreement with the proposed binding sequences alpha[430-441] and beta[422-434]. Binding stoichiometries of 2/alpha beta S tubulin and 1/alpha S beta S tubulin were observed following partial or complete removal of the tubulin C-terminal regions by subtilisin, which localizes the site of subtilisin cleavage upstream residue alpha-441 and downstream residue beta-434. Quantitative measurements show that binding of MAPs, KRS, VRS, and tau 218-235 is weakened but not abolished following subtilisin digestion of the C-terminus of tubulin, indicating that the binding site of MAPs is not restricted to the extreme C-terminus of tubulin.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|