Saccharomyces cerevisiae subtelomeric repeats contain silencing elements such as the core X sequence, which is present at all chromosome ends. When transplaced at HML, core X can enhance the action of a distant silencer without acting as a silencer on its own, thus fulfilling the functional definition of a protosilencer. Here we show that an ACS motif and an Abf1p-binding site participate in the silencing capacity of core X and that their effects are additive. In addition, in a variety of settings, core X was found to bring about substantial gene repression only when a low level of silencing was already detectable in its absence. Adjoining an X-STAR sequence, which naturally abuts core X in subtelomeric regions, did not improve the silencing capacity of core X. We propose that protosilencers play a major role in a variety of silencing phenomena, as is the case for core X, which acts as a silencing relay, prolonging silencing propagation away from telomeres.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|