RNA helicases of the DEAD box family are involved in almost all cellular processes involving RNA molecules. Here we describe functional characterization of the yeast RNA helicase Dbp8p (YHR169w). Our results show that Dbp8p is an essential nucleolar protein required for biogenesis of the small ribosomal subunit. In vivo depletion of Dbp8p resulted in a ribosomal subunit imbalance due to a deficit in 40S ribosomal subunits. Subsequent analyses of pre-rRNA processing by pulse-chase labeling, northern hybridization and primer extension revealed that the early steps of cleavage of the 35S precursor at sites A(1) and A(2) are inhibited and delayed at site A(0). Synthesis of 18S rRNA, the RNA moiety of the 40S subunit, is thereby blocked in the absence of Dbp8p. The involvement of Dbp8p as a bona fide RNA helicase in ribosome biogenesis is strongly supported by the loss of Dbp8p in vivo function obtained by site-directed mutagenesis of some conserved motifs carrying the enzymatic properties of the protein family.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|