We have identified a yeast nuclear gene (FMC1) that is required at elevated temperatures (37 degrees C) for the formation/stability of the F(1) sector of the mitochondrial ATP synthase. Western blot analysis showed that Fmc1p is a soluble protein located in the mitochondrial matrix. At elevated temperatures in yeast cells lacking Fmc1p, the alpha-F(1) and beta-F(1) proteins are synthesized, transported, and processed to their mature size. However, instead of being incorporated into a functional F(1) oligomer, they form large aggregates in the mitochondrial matrix. Identical perturbations were reported previously for yeast cells lacking either Atp12p or Atp11p, two specific assembly factors of the F(1) sector (Ackerman, S. H., and Tzagoloff, A. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 87, 4986--4990), and we show that the absence of Fmc1p can be efficiently compensated for by increasing the expression of Atp12p. However, unlike Atp12p and Atp11p, Fmc1p is not required in normal growth conditions (28--30 degrees C). We propose that Fmc1p is required for the proper folding/stability or functioning of Atp12p in heat stress conditions.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|