Reference: Westhof E, et al. (1983) Loop stereochemistry and dynamics in transfer RNA. J Biomol Struct Dyn 1(2):337-55

Reference Help

Abstract


The stereochemistry and the dynamics of two loops of yeast tRNA-asp, the thymine loop and the anticodon loop, are compared in the hope of a better understanding of the relationships between loop sequence and loop topology. Both loops are seven residues long and both present sharp turns after the second residue, U33 and psi 55, stabilized by hydrogen bonds between N3-H of the pyrimidine and the phosphates of C36 and A58 and stacking interactions of the pyrimidine ring with the phosphates of U35 and A57, respectively. In the thymine loop, the two purines following C56, A57 and A58, open up to leave space for the intercalation of the first invariant guanine residue of the D-loop, while the two pyrimidine bases, which follow A58, turn away from the stacking pattern of the thymine arm and stack instead with the last base pair of the dihydrouridine arm A15-U48. In the anticodon loop, however, the bases G34 to C38 form an helical stack in continuity with the anticodon stem on the 3'-end. At the same time C36 forms Watson-Crick hydrogen bonds with G34 of a twofold symmetrically related molecule. The anticodon-anticodon base pairing interactions between symmetrically-related molecules are stabilized by stacking with the modified base G37 on both sides of the triplet. Some comparisons are made with the structure of yeast tRNA-phe and some implications about the structure of mitochondrial tRNAs are discussed.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Review | Review, Tutorial
Authors
Westhof E, Dumas P, Moras D
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference