The actin cytoskeleton is required for many aspects of cell division in yeast, including mitochondrial partitioning into growing buds (mitochondrial inheritance). Yeast cells lacking MDM20 function display defects in both mitochondrial inheritance and actin organization, specifically, a lack of visible actin cables and enhanced sensitivity to Latrunculin A. mdm20 mutants also exhibit a temperature-sensitive growth phenotype, which we exploited to isolate second-site suppressor mutations. Nine dominant suppressors selected in an mdm20/mdm20 background rescue temperature-sensitive growth defects and mitochondrial inheritance defects and partially restore actin cables in haploid and diploid mdm20 strains. The suppressor mutations define new alleles of ACT1 and TPM1, which encode actin and the major form of tropomyosin in yeast, respectively. The ACT1 mutations cluster in a region of the actin protein predicted to contact tropomyosin, suggesting that they stabilize actin cables by enhancing actin-tropomyosin interactions. The characteristics of the mutant ACT1 and TPM1 alleles and their potential effects on protein structure and binding are discussed.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|