We isolated mitochondria from Saccharomyces cerevisiae to selectively study polysomes bound to the mitochondrial surface. The distribution of several mRNAs coding for mitochondrial proteins was examined in free and mitochondrion-bound polysomes. Some mRNAs exclusively localize to mitochondrion-bound polysomes, such as the ones coding for Atm1p, Cox10p, Tim44p, Atp2p, and Cot1p. In contrast, mRNAs encoding Cox6p, Cox5a, Aac1p, and Mir1p are found enriched in free cytoplasmic polysome fractions. Aac1p and Mir1p are transporters that lack cleavable presequences. Sequences required for mRNA asymmetric subcellular distribution were determined by analyzing the localization of reporter mRNAs containing the presequence coding region and/or the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of ATM1, a gene encoding an ABC transporter of the mitochondrial inner membrane. Biochemical analyses of mitochondrion-bound polysomes and direct visualization of RNA localization in living yeast cells allowed us to demonstrate that either the presequence coding region or the 3'UTR of ATM1 is sufficient to allow the reporter mRNA to localize to the vicinity of the mitochondrion, independently of its translation. These data demonstrate that mRNA localization is one of the mechanisms used, in yeast, for segregating mitochondrial proteins.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|