Primary gene amplification, the mutation from one copy of a gene per genome to two or more genes per genome is a major mechanism of oncogene overexpression. We previously developed a system in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to phenotypically detect primary amplifications of a reporter cassette, ADH4:CUP1. We present here the sequence analysis of novel joints from four independent, spontaneous circular amplifications identified by the ADH4:CUP1 system. All four novel joints consist of C(1-3) A telomeric repeats joined to short (14- to 16-bp) CA-rich tracts between ADH4 and the telomere of chromosome VII. In three of the four amplifications, the telomeric sequence and the CA-rich tract that are joined in the amplification are normally located in inverted orientation to each other on chromosome VII. In the fourth amplification, the CA-rich tract on chromosome VII is joined to telomere sequences from another chromosome. We suggest that formation of these amplifications was initiated by recombination between these CA-rich tracts and a telomere. The resulting dicentric chromosome could start a breakage-fusion-bridge cycle that could be resolved by the formation of a circular amplification structure. Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|