The vacuole is the major site of intracellular Ca(2+) storage in yeast and functions to maintain cytosolic Ca(2+) levels within a narrow physiological range via a Ca(2+) pump (Pmc1p) and a H(+)/Ca(2+) antiporter (Vcx1p) driven by the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase). We examined the function of the V-ATPase in cytosolic Ca(2+) homeostasis by comparing responses to a brief Ca(2+) challenge of a V-ATPase mutant (vma2Delta) and wild-type cells treated with the V-ATPase inhibitor concanamycin A. The kinetics of the Ca(2+) response were determined using transgenic aequorin as an in vivo cytosolic Ca(2+) reporter system. In wild-type cells, the V-ATPase-driven Vcx1p was chiefly responsible for restoring cytosolic Ca(2+) concentrations after a brief pulse. In cells lacking V-ATPase activity, brief exposure to elevated Ca(2+) compromised viability, even when there was little change in the final cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration. vma2Delta cells were more efficient at restoring cytosolic [Ca(2+)] after a pulse than concanamycin-treated wild-type cells, suggesting long term loss of V-ATPase triggers compensatory mechanisms. This compensation was dependent on calcineurin, and was mediated primarily by Pmc1p.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|