Analysis of bud-site selection in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has helped to identify many genes that are generally important for eukaryotic cell polarization. Colony morphology screens were used to identify factors relevant to the process of bipolar budding in yeast. Mutants defective in bipolar budding were identified by virtue of their inability to grow as pseudohyphae in a haploid bud3 background. A mutant allele of the MYO2 gene, encoding a class-V unconventional myosin was identified that perturbs bipolar budding without affecting axial budding and without grossly affecting the role of Myo2p in secretion and maintenance of the actin cytoskeleton. Several genes were also identified whose products, when overexpressed, are capable of disrupting bipolar budding. Among these are the actin-monomer-binding protein profilin and the Aip3p/Bud6p-interacting protein Atc1p. The results strongly support involvement of the actin cytoskeleton in the establishment of bipolar budding and in the maintenance of pseudohyphal growth.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|