Efficient sterol influx in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is restricted to anaerobiosis or to haem deficiency resulting from mutations. Constitutive expression of SUT1, an hypoxic gene encoding a transcriptional regulator, induces sterol uptake in aerobiosis. A genome-wide approach using DNA microarray was used to identify the mediators of SUT1 effects on aerobic sterol uptake. A total of 121 ORFs (open reading frames) were significantly and differentially expressed after SUT1 overexpression, 61 down-regulated and 60 up-regulated. Among these genes, the role of the putative ABC transporter (ATP-binding-cassette transporter) Aus1, and of the cell-wall mannoprotein Dan1, was characterized better. These two genes play an essential role in aerobic sterol uptake, since their deletion compromised the SUT1 effects, but individual overexpression of either of these genes in a wild-type background was not sufficient for this process. However, constitutive co-expression of AUS1 and DAN1 in a wild-type background resulted in sterol influx in aerobiosis. These results suggest that the corresponding proteins may act synergistically in vivo to promote sterol uptake.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|