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Reference: Wu C, et al. (1996) Activation of myosin-I by members of the Ste20p protein kinase family. J Biol Chem 271(50):31787-90

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Abstract


The heavy chain of myosin-ID isolated from Dictyostelium was identified as an in vitro substrate for members of the Ste20p family of serine/threonine protein kinases which are thought to regulate conserved mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways. Yeast Ste20p and Cla4p and mammalian p21-activated protein kinase (PAK) phosphorylated the heavy chain to 0.5-0.6 mol of Pi/mol and stimulated the actin-dependent Mg2+-ATPase activity to an extent equivalent to that of the Ste20p-like myosin-I heavy chain kinase isolated from Dictyostelium. PAK purified from rat brain required GTPgammaS-Cdc42 to express full activity, whereas recombinant mouse mPAK3 fused to glutathione S-transferase and purified from bacteria, and Ste20p and Cla4p purified from yeast extracts were fully active without GTPgammaS-Cdc42. These results suggest, together with the high degree of structural and functional conservation of Ste20p family members and myosin-I isoforms, that myosin-I activation by Ste20p family protein kinases may contribute to the regulation of morphogenetic processes in organisms ranging from yeast to mammalian cells.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Wu C, Lee SF, Furmaniak-Kazmierczak E, Cote GP, Thomas DY, Leberer E
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