A relatively simple subset of general transcription factors is sufficient for transcript initiation by RNA polymerase II. However, a recently identified "holoenzyme" contains additional accessory proteins required for mediating signals from some activators (Y-J. Kim et al., 1994, Cell 77, 599-608; A. Koleske and R. Young, 1994, Nature 368, 466-469). By immobilizing RNA polymerase II and associated proteins (RAPs) from a transcriptionally active yeast extract, we have identified a novel collection of proteins distinct from those found in the holoenzyme. The eluted RAP fraction did not contain the holoenzyme components Srb2,4,5 + 6p, Gal11p, or Sug1p, but did include the known transcription factors TFIIB and TFIIS and the three subunits of yeast TFIIF (Ssu71p/Tfg1p, Tfg2p, and Anc1p/Tfg3p). Also isolated as RAPs are two proteins (Cdc73p and Paf1p) with interesting connections to gene expression. Mutations in CDC73 and PAF1 affect cell growth and the abundance of transcripts from a subset of yeast genes (X. Shi et al., Mol. Cell. Biol., 1996 16, 669-676). The RAP fraction may therefore define one or more functional forms of RNA polymerase II distinct from the activator-mediating holoenzyme.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|