Protein splicing involves the excision of an internal protein segment, the intein, from a precursor protein and the concomitant ligation of the flanking N- and C-terminal regions. It occurs in mesophilic bacteria, yeast, and thermophilic archaea. The ability to control protein splicing of a thermophilic intein by temperature and pH in a foreign protein context facilitated the study of the mechanism of protein splicing in thermophiles. On the other hand, no direct studies have been done on the mechanism of protein splicing in mesophiles. We examined the splicing ofa chimeric protein containing the intein of the vacuolar ATPase subunit (VMA) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that involves cysteines rather than serines at the reaction center. The steps in the splicing process were deduced by analyzing intermediates and side products that accumulated asa result of amino acid substitutions and were found to be analogous to those occurring in thermophiles. Moreover, appropriate amino acid replacements allowed us to develop the first mesophilic in vitro protein splicing system as well as strategies for modulating the rate of protein splicing and for converting the splicing reaction to an efficient protein cleavage reaction at either splice junction.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|