Investigation of the role of the polypeptide chain elongation factor 3 (EF-3) of yeast indicates that EF-3 participates in the elongation cycle by stimulating the function of EF-1 alpha in binding aminoacyl-tRNA (aa-tRNA) to the ribosome. In the yeast system, the binding of the ternary complex of EF-1 alpha.GTP.aa-tRNA to the ribosome is stoichiometric to the amount of EF-1 alpha. In the presence of EF-3, EF-1 alpha functions catalytically in the above mentioned reaction. The EF-3 effect is manifest in the presence of ATP, GTP, or ITP. A nonhydrolyzable analog of ATP does not replace ATP in this reaction, indicating a role of ATP hydrolysis in EF-3 function. The stimulatory effect of EF-3 is, in many respects, distinct from that of EF-1 beta. Factor 3 does not stimulate the formation of a binary complex between EF-1 alpha and GTP, nor does it stimulate the exchange of EF-1 alpha-bound GDP with free GTP. The formation of a ternary complex between EF-1 alpha.GTP.aa-tRNA is also not affected by EF-3. It appears that the only reaction of the elongation cycle that is stimulated by EF-3 is EF-1 alpha-dependent binding of aa-tRNA to the ribosome. Purified elongation factor 3, isolated from a temperature-sensitive mutant, failed to stimulate this reaction after exposure to a nonpermissive temperature. A heterologous combination of ribosomal subunits from yeast and wheat germ manifest the requirement for EF-3, dependent upon the source of the "40 S" ribosomal subunit. A combination of 40 S subunits from yeast and "60 S" from wheat germ showed the stimulatory effect of EF-3 in polyphenylalanine synthesis (Chakraburtty, K., and Kamath, A. (1988) Int. J. Biochem. 20, 581-590). However, we failed to demonstrate the effect of EF-3 in binding aa-tRNA to such a heterologous combination of the ribosomal subunits.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|