Reference: Cho SW and Joshi JG (1989) Inactivation of bakers' yeast glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase by aluminum. Biochemistry 28(8):3613-8

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Abstract


Preincubation of yeast glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) with Al(III) produced an inactive enzyme containing 1 mol of Al(III)/mol of enzyme subunit. None of the enzyme-bound Al(III) was dissociated by dialysis against 10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.0, containing 0.2 mM EDTA at 4 degrees C for 24 h. Citrate, NADP+, EDTA, or NaF protected the enzyme against the Al(III) inactivation. The Al-(III)-inactivated enzyme, however, was completely reactivated only by citrate and NaF. The dissociation constant for the enzyme-aluminum complex was calculated to be 4 x 10(-6)M with NaF, a known reversible chelator for aluminum. Modification of histidine and lysine residues of the enzyme with diethyl pyrocarbonate and acetylsalicylic acid, respectively, inactivated the enzyme. However, the modified enzyme still bound 1 mol of Al(III)/mol of enzyme subunit. Circular dichroism studies showed that the binding of Al(III) to the enzyme induced a decrease in alpha-helix and beta-sheet and an increase in random coil. Therefore, it is suggested that inactivation of G6PD by Al(III) is due to the conformational change induced by Al(III) binding.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Cho SW, Joshi JG
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