Take our Survey

Reference: Kennell JC and Lambowitz AM (1989) Development of an in vitro transcription system for Neurospora crassa mitochondrial DNA and identification of transcription initiation sites. Mol Cell Biol 9(9):3603-13

Reference Help

Abstract

We have developed an in vitro transcription system for Neurospora crassa mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and used it to identify transcription initiation sites at the 5' ends of the genes encoding the mitochondrial small and large rRNA and cytochrome b (cob). The in vitro transcription start sites correspond to previously mapped 5' ends of major in vivo transcripts of these genes. Sequences around the three transcription initiation sites define a 15-nucleotide consensus sequence, 5'-TTAGARA(T/G)G(T/G)ARTRR-3', all or part of which appears to be an element of an N. crassa mtDNA promoter. A somewhat looser 11-nucleotide consensus sequence, 5'-TTAGARR(T/G)R(T/G)A-3', was derived by including two additional promoters identified recently. Group I extranuclear mutants, such as [poky] and [SG-3], have a 4-base-pair (bp) deletion in the consensus sequence at the 5' end of the mitochondrial small rRNA and are grossly deficient in mitochondrial small rRNA (R. A. Akins and A. M. Lambowitz, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81:3791-3795, 1984). We show here that the 4-bp deletion in the consensus sequence decreases in vitro transcription from this site by more than 99%. N. crassa mtDNA is similar to Saccharomyces cerevisiae mtDNA in having multiple promoters, including separate promoters for the genes encoding the mitochondrial small and large rRNAs. Our results suggest that the primary effect of the 4-bp deletion in group I extranuclear mutants is to inhibit transcription of the mitochondrial small rRNA, leading to severe deficiency of mitochondrial small rRNA and small ribosomal subunits.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Kennell JC, Lambowitz AM
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference