ATP (CTP):tRNA-specific tRNA nucleotidyltransferase is an enzyme required for the synthesis of functional tRNAs in eukaryotic cells. Neither the tRNA genes in the nucleus nor in organelles encode the CCA end, so it must be added post-transcriptionally. The gene that codes for the enzyme that adds the CCA end to nuclear coded tRNAs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been isolated (Aebi, M., Kirchner, G., Chen, J.-Y., Vijayraghavan, U., Jacobson, A., Martin, N. C., and Abelson, J. (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 16216-16220). We now demonstrate that there is a mitochondrial tRNA nucleotidyltransferase activity in yeast and that it is a matrix enzyme. A comparison of purified mitochondrial enzyme with its cytoplasmic counterpart revealed no differences. These results suggest that proteins responsible for this step in the maturation of tRNAs in the nucleus and mitochondria might be identical and coded by the same nuclear gene. Accumulation of shortened mitochondrial as well as cytoplasmic tRNAs in a strain with a temperature-sensitive tRNA nucleotidyltransferase is consistent with this hypothesis. Alteration of the wild type gene such that amino-terminal truncated proteins are produced leads to a defect in mitochondrial function and a decrease in mitochondrial nucleotidyltransferase activity. This provides a direct demonstration that one gene provides this enzyme activity for the biosynthesis of tRNAs in both the nuclear/cytoplasmic and mitochondrial compartments in yeast.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|