The initiation of translation in eukaryotes requires several multisubunit complexes, including eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4F (eIF4F). In higher eukaryotes eIF4F is composed of the cap binding protein eIF4E, the adapter protein eIF4G, and the RNA-stimulated ATPase eIF4A. The association of eIF4A with Saccharomyces cerevisiae eIF4F has not yet been demonstrated, and therefore the degree to which eIF4A's conserved function relies upon this association has remained unclear. Here we report an interaction between yeast eIF4G and eIF4A. Specifically, we found that the growth arrest phenotype associated with three temperature-sensitive alleles of yeast eIF4G2 was suppressed by excess eIF4A and that this suppression was allele specific. In addition, in vitro translation extracts derived from an eIF4G2 mutant strain could be heat inactivated, and this inactivation could be reversed upon the addition of recombinant eIF4A. Finally, in vitro binding between yeast eIF4G and eIF4A was demonstrated, as was diminished binding between mutant eIF4G2 proteins and eIF4A. In total, these data indicate that yeast eIF4G and eIF4A physically associate and that this association performs an essential function.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|