Two novel genes affecting hexose transport in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been identified. The gene HXT1 (hexose transport), isolated from plasmid pSC7, was sequenced and found to encode a hydrophobic protein which is highly homologous to the large family of sugar transporter proteins from eucaryotes and procaryotes. Multicopy expression of the HXT1 gene restored high-affinity glucose transport to the snf3 mutant, which is deficient in a significant proportion of high-affinity glucose transport. HXT1 was unable to complement the snf3 growth defect in low copy number. The HXT1 protein was found to contain 12 putative membrane-spanning domains with a central hydrophilic domain and hydrophilic N- and C-terminal domains. The HXT1 protein is 69% identical to GAL2 and 66% identical to HXT2, and all three proteins were found to have a putative leucine zipper motif at a consensus location in membrane-spanning domain 2. Disruption of the HXT1 gene resulted in loss of a portion of high-affinity glucose and mannose transport, and wild-type levels of transport required both the HXT1 and SNF3 genes. Unexpectedly, expression of beta-galactosidase activity by using a fusion of the lacZ gene to the HXT1 promoter in a multicopy plasmid was maximal during lag and early exponential phases of growth, decreasing approximately 100-fold upon further entry into exponential growth. Deletion analysis of pSC7 revealed the presence of another gene (called ORF2) capable of suppressing the snf3 null mutant phenotype by restoring high-affinity glucose transport and increased low-affinity transport.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|