Biochemical analysis of proteins necessary for transcription initiation by eukaryotic RNA polymerase II (pol II) has identified transcription factor IIE (TFIIE) as an essential component of the reaction. To better understand the role of TFIIE in transcription, we isolated conditional alleles of TFA1, the gene encoding the large subunit of TFIIE in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The mutant Tfa1 proteins fall into two classes. The first class causes thermosensitive growth due to single amino acid substitutions of the cysteines comprising the Zn-binding motif. The second mutant class is made up of proteins that are C-terminally truncated and that cause a cold-sensitive growth phenotype. The behavior of these mutants suggests that Tfa1p possesses at least two domains with genetically distinct functions. The mutations in the Zn-binding motif do not affect the mutant protein's stability at the nonpermissive temperature or its ability to associate with the small subunit of TFIIE. Our studies further determined that wild-type TFIIE can bind to single-stranded DNA in vitro. However, this property is unaffected in the mutant TFIIE complexes. Finally, we have demonstrated the biological importance of TFIIE in pol II-mediated transcription by depleting the Tfa1 protein from the cells and observing a concomitant decrease in total poly(A)+ mRNA.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|