Reference: De Winde JH and Grivell LA (1995) Regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Intricate interplay between general and specific transcription factors in the promoter of the QCR8 gene. Eur J Biochem 233(1):200-8

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Abstract


Transcription of the QCR8 gene, encoding subunit VIII of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondrial ubiquinol-cytochrome c oxidoreductase (QCR), is controlled by the carbon-source-dependent heme-activator protein complex HAP2/3/4 and the general transcriptional regulators autonomous replication-site-binding factor ABF1 and centromere-binding and promoter-binding factor CPF1. In this study, we investigate and dissect the relative contributions and mutual interactions of these regulators in transcriptional control. Transcription was analyzed both under steady-state conditions and during nutritional shifts, in hap delta mutants and after site-specific mutagenesis of the various binding sites in the chromosomal context of the QCR8 gene. We present evidence for both direct and indirect interactions between ABF1 and HAP2/3/4, and show that HAP2/3/4 is essential for a rapid transcriptional induction during transition from repressed to derepressed conditions. However, the activator is not the only determinant for carbon-source-dependent regulation, and we observe a functional difference between HAP2/3/4 and the HAP2/3 subcomplex. ABF1 is required for maintainance of basal repressed and derepressed transcription in the steady state of growth. The repressive action of the negative modulator CPF1 during escape from glucose repression is overcome through the cooperative action of ABF1 and HAP2/3/4. The implications of the intricate interactions of these DNA-binding regulators for control of expression of mitochondrial protein genes are discussed.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
De Winde JH, Grivell LA
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