Ribonucleotide reductases (RNRs) catalyze the conversion of nucleotides to deoxynucleotides. Class I RNRs are composed of two types of subunits: RNR1 contains the active site for reduction and the binding sites for the nucleotide allosteric effectors. RNR2 contains the diiron-tyrosyl radical (Y.) cofactor essential for the reduction process. Studies in yeast have recently identified four RNR subunits: Y1 and Y3, Y2 and Y4. These proteins have been expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and in Escherichia coli and purified to approximately 90% homogeneity. The specific activity of Y1 isolated from yeast and E. coli is 0.03 micromol.min(-1).mg(-1) and of (His)(6)-Y2 [(His)(6)-Y2-K387N] from yeast is 0.037 micromol. min(-1).mg(-1) (0.125 micromol.min(-1).mg(-1)). Y2, Y3, and Y4 isolated from E. coli have no measurable activity. Efforts to generate Y. in Y2 or Y4 using Fe(2+), O(2), and reductant have been unsuccessful. However, preliminary studies show that incubation of Y4 and Fe(2+) with inactive E. coli Y2 followed by addition of O(2) generates Y2 with a specific activity of 0.069 micromol.min(-1). mg(-1) and a Y. A similar experiment with (His)(6)-Y2-K387N, Y4, O(2), and Fe(2+) results in an increase in its specific activity to 0.30 micromol.min(-1).mg(-1). Studies with antibodies to Y4 and Y2 reveal that they can form a complex in vivo. Y4 appears to play an important role in diiron-Y. assembly of Y2.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|