In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the HIS3 (encoding imidazoleglycerolphosphate dehydratase) mRNA is unstable (t1/2 = 7 min), whereas the ACT1 (encoding actin) mRNA is more stable (t1/2 = 30 min). To define determinants responsible for rapid mRNA decay, hybrid genes comprised of various regions of these two mRNAs were constructed, transformed into yeast on centromere-containing vectors, and the half-lives of the resultant chimeric mRNAs were measured. To examine whether the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of HIS3 can confer instability to the ACT1 mRNA, DNA encoding the 3'-UTR of ACT1 was replaced with the corresponding region of HIS3. The hybrid mRNA containing the HIS3 3'-UTR decayed at a rate similar to the endogenous ACT1 mRNA. The mRNA containing the HIS3 5'-UTR and most of the HIS3 coding region fused to an ACT1 3'-fragment was unstable, indicating that HIS3 instability determinants are located within the HIS3 5'-UTR or coding sequence. Deleting 411 nucleotides (nt) from the coding region of either HIS3 or the 5'-HIS3-ACT1-3' chimeric gene resulted in a three- to fourfold stabilization of the respective mRNAs. However, insertion of this 411-nt fragment in-frame into the entire ACT1 gene had no destabilizing effect on the resultant hybrid mRNA. We conclude that the instability determinants of HIS3 mRNA are complex, involving a coding region segment and, possibly, the 5'-UTR.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|