The multisite-specific endonuclease Endo.SceI of yeast mitochondria is unique among endonucleases because its 50-kDa subunit forms a stable dimer with the mitochondrial 70-kDa heat shock protein (mtHSP70), which otherwise fulfills a chaperone function by binding transiently to unfolded proteins. Here we show that the mtHSP70 subunit confers broader sequence specificity, greater stability, and higher activity on the 50-kDa subunit. The 50-kDa subunit alone displayed weaker activity and highly sequence-specific endonuclease activity. The 50-kDa protein exists as a heterodimer with mtHSP70 in vivo, allowing Endo.SceI to cleave specifically at multiple sites on mitochondrial DNA. Endo.SceI may have evolved from a highly specific endonuclease that gained broader sequence specificity after becoming a stable partner of mtHSP70.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|