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Reference: Ramotar D, et al. (1991) Cellular role of yeast Apn1 apurinic endonuclease/3'-diesterase: repair of oxidative and alkylation DNA damage and control of spontaneous mutation. Mol Cell Biol 11(9):4537-44

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Abstract


The APN1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes the major apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease and 3'-repair DNA diesterase in yeast cell extracts. The Apn1 protein is a homolog of Escherichia coli endonuclease IV, which functions in the repair of some oxidative and alkylation damages in that organism. We show here that yeast strains lacking Apn1 (generated by targeted gene disruption or deletion-replacement) are hypersensitive to both oxidative (hydrogen peroxide and t-butylhydroperoxide) and alkylating (methyl- and ethylmethane sulfonate) agents that damage DNA. These cellular hypersensitivities are correlated with the accumulation of unrepaired damages in the chromosomal DNA of apn1 mutant yeast cells. Hydrogen peroxide-treated APN1+ but not apn1 mutant cells regenerate high-molecular-weight DNA efficiently after the treatment. The DNA strand breaks that accumulate in the Apn1-deficient mutant contain lesions that block the action of DNA polymerase but can be removed in vitro by purified Apn1. An analogous result with DNA from methylmethane sulfonate-treated cells corresponded to the accumulation of unrepaired DNA apurinic sites in the apn1 mutant cells. The rate of spontaneous mutation in apn1 mutant S. cerevisiae was 6- to 12-fold higher than that measured for wild-type yeast cells. This increase indicates that under normal growth conditions, the production of DNA damages that are targets for Apn1 is substantial and that such lesions can be mutagenic when left unrepaired.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Ramotar D, Popoff SC, Gralla EB, Demple B
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