Saccharomyces cerevisiae seryl-tRNA synthetase (SerRS) contains a 20-amino acid C-terminal extension, which is not found in prokaryotic SerRS enzymes. A truncated yeast SES1 gene, lacking the 60 base pairs that encode this C-terminal domain, is able to complement a yeast SES1 null allele strain; thus, the C-terminal extension in SerRS is dispensable for the viability of the cell. However, the removal of the C-terminal peptide affects both stability of the enzyme and its affinity for the substrates. The truncation mutant binds tRNA with 3.6-fold higher affinity, while the Km for serine is 4-fold increased relative to the wild-type SerRS. This indicates the importance of the C-terminal extension in maintaining the overall structure of SerRS.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|