Here we demonstrate that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA ligase activity, which we previously designated DNA ligase II, is encoded by the genomic DNA sequence YOR005c. Based on its homology with mammalian LIG4, this yeast gene has been named DNL4 and the enzyme activity renamed Dnl4. In agreement with others, we find that DNL4 is not required for vegetative growth but is involved in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks by non-homologous end joining. In contrast to a previous report, we find that a dnl4 null mutation has no effect on sporulation efficiency, indicating that Dnl4 is not required for proper meiotic chromosome behavior or subsequent ascosporogenesis in yeast. Disruption of the DNL4 gene in one strain, M1-2B, results in temperature-sensitive vegetative growth. At the restrictive temperature, mutant cells progressively lose viability and accumulate small, nucleated and non-dividing daughter cells which remain attached to the mother cell. This novel temperature-sensitive phenotype is complemented by retransformation with a plasmid-borne DNL4 gene. Thus, we conclude that the abnormal growth of the dnl4 mutant strain is a synthetic phenotype resulting from Dnl4 deficiency in combination with undetermined genetic factors in the M1-2B strain background.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|