PMR1, a P-type ATPase cloned from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, was previously localized to the Golgi, and shown to be required for normal secretory processes (Antebi, A., and Fink, G.R. (1992) Mol. Biol. Cell 3, 633-654). We provide biochemical evidence that PMR1 is a Ca2+-transporting ATPase in the Golgi, a hitherto unusual location for a Ca2+ pump. As a starting point for structure-function analysis using a mutagenic approach, we used the strong and inducible heat shock promoter to direct high level expression of PMR1 from a multicopy plasmid. Yeast lysates were separated on sucrose density gradients, and fractions assayed for organellar markers. PMR1 is found in fractions containing the Golgi marker guanosine diphosphatase, and is associated with an ATP-dependent, protonophore-insensitive 45Ca2+ uptake activity. This activity is virtually abolished in the absence of the expression plasmid. Furthermore, replacement of the active site aspartate within the phosphorylation domain had the expected effect of abolishing Ca2+ transport activity entirely. Interestingly, the mutant enzymes (Asp-371 --> Glu and Asp-371 --> Asn) demonstrated proper targeting to the Golgi, unlike analogous mutations in the related yeast H+-ATPase. Detailed characterization of calcium transport by PMR1 showed that sensitivity to inhibitors (vanadate, thapsigargin, and cyclopiazonic acid) and affinity for substrates (MgATP and Ca2+) were different from the previously characterized sarco/endoplasmic reticulum and plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPases. PMR1 therefore represents a new and distinct P-type Ca2+-ATPase. Because close homologs of PMR1 have been cloned from rat and other organisms, we suggest that Ca2+-ATPases in the Golgi will form a discrete subgroup that are important for functioning of the secretory pathway.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|